How To Use Chromebook Function Keys

How do I use F12 on a Chromebook? Where is the end key on Chromebook? What are the Chromebook alt codes? These are all valid questions.

On the Chromebook, there aren't any dedicated Function keys and the Caps Lock key. Hence, in this article, we tell you how to use function keys and shortcut keys on your Chromebook.

Function Keys On Chrome OS

The function keys range from F1 to F12. To use function keys on your Chromebook, you have to press the Search button and the desired number that relates to the function key.

For example, to input F8, you must press Search + 8 on your Chromebook's keyboard. However,  the only exceptions are F11 & F12. To input these functions, you use - (minus/hyphen) and + (plus) respectively. Use 0 for F10.

How To View Keyboard Shortcuts On Chromebook

Luckily, Chrome OS lets you view a virtual keyboard. This virtual keyboard display all the shortcut keys/combinations. To view the keyboard shortcuts, Ctrl + Alt + /

When you press the above keys, the on-screen keyboard pops up. Lastly, press any key to view its shortcuts.

Missing Keys And Their Chromebook Alternative

The following table gives the alternative keyboard shortcuts for missing keys in the Chromebook.

Missing KeyAlternative Shortcut
DeleteAlt + Backspace
CapsLockAlt + Search (Toggle CapsLock)
PageUpAlt+ Up Arrow (or) Search + Up Arrow
PageDownAlt + Down Arrow (or) Search + Down Arrow
HomeCtrl + Search + Right Arrow
EndCtrl + Search + Left Arrow
F1 … F12Search + 1 through Search + = (For Function Keys)

CTRL Keyboard Shortcuts

The following list shows the Ctrl key keyboard shortcuts:

Ctrl + 1 .. Ctrl + 8Go to a specific tab in the browser (Ctrl+5 is 5th tab)
Ctrl + 9Go to the last tab
Ctrl + 0Reset zoom
Ctrl + –Zoom out
Ctrl + +Zoom in
Ctrl + backspaceDelete a word
Ctrl + TabGo to the next tab
Ctrl + WClose current tab
Ctrl + EPut focus at address bar for search
Ctrl + RReload current page
Ctrl + TOpen new tab
Ctrl + UView page source
Ctrl + OOpen a file in the browser
Ctrl + PPrint current page
Ctrl + ASelect all
Ctrl + SSave current page
Ctrl + DAdd bookmark
Ctrl + FFind text on current page
Ctrl + GFind again (next match of input text)
Ctrl + HView history
Ctrl + JView downloads
Ctrl + KPut focus at address bar for search
Ctrl + LSelect all in address bar
Ctrl + EnterAdds www and .com to keyword and open website
Ctrl + ZUndo
Ctrl + XCut
Ctrl + CCopy
Ctrl + NOpen new window
Ctrl + ?Launch chromebook help manual
Ctrl + SpacebarPrevious language input method
Ctrl + Left arrowPrevious word
Ctrl + Right arrowNext word

ALT Keyboard Shortcuts

The following table lists the Alt key keyboard shortcuts:

Alt + 1 .. Alt + 8Launch shelf items 1 through 8 (pinned items from task bar)
Alt + –Minimize window
Alt + +Maximize window (or reset)
Alt + backspaceDelete
Alt + TabPrevious window (or application)
Alt + E (or Alt + F)Open chrome browser menu
Alt + [Dock current window on left side
Alt + ]Dock current window on right side
Alt + SearchCapsLock toggle
Alt + DFocus address bar
Alt + EnterOpen typed URL/keyword in new browser tab
Alt + Left arrowGo backwards
Alt + Right arrowGo forward
Alt + Up arrowPage up
Alt + Down arrowPage down

Search Keyboard Shortcuts

The following table lists the Search key keyboard shortcuts:

Search + EscLaunch task manager
Search + 1 .. Search + =Function keys F1 through F12
Search + backspaceDelete
Search + LLock screen
Search + .Insert
Search + Left arrowHome
Search + Right arrowEnd
Search + Up arrowPage up
Search + Down arrowPage down

Shift Keyboard Shortcuts

The following table lists the Shift key keyboard shortcuts:

Shift + BackspaceGo forward
Shift + EnterFind previous text
Shift + SpacebarScroll up one page

Ctrl+Shift Keyboard shortcuts

The following layout shows the Ctrl+Shift keyboard shortcuts:

Ctrl + Shift + 0Reset screen zoom (reset resolution)
Ctrl + Shift + –Zoom screen out (change resolution)
Ctrl + Shift + +Zoom screen in (change resolution)
Ctrl + Shift + BackspaceLaunch clear browsing data dialog
Ctrl + Shift + TabPrevious tab
Ctrl + Shift + Q (twice)Sign out current logged in user
Ctrl + Shift + WClose current window
Ctrl + Shift + RReload page ignoring cache
Ctrl + Shift + TReopen last closed tab
Ctrl + Shift + UEnter unicode characters
Ctrl + Shift + ILaunch developer tools window
Ctrl + Shift + OLaunch bookmark manager
Ctrl + Shift + PLaunch google cloud print
Ctrl + Shift + DBookmark all open tabs
Ctrl + Shift + GFind previous text
Ctrl + Shift + JLaunch javascript console
Ctrl + Shift + CLaunch DOM inspector tool
Ctrl + Shift + VPaste as plain text
Ctrl + Shift + BToggle bookmark bar display
Ctrl + Shift + NNew incognito window
Ctrl + Shift + ?Launch chromebook help manual
Ctrl + Shift + SpacebarNext language input method
Ctrl + Shift + Left arrowSelect one word at a time left side
Ctrl + Shift + Right arrowSelect one word at a time right side

Ctrl+Alt Keyboard Shortcuts

The following table lists the Ctrl+Alt key keyboard shortcuts:

Ctrl + Alt + TOpen New Crosh Shell Terminal
Ctrl + Alt + PProjection mode for touch HUD
Ctrl + Alt + ZChromeVox for spoken feedback (Text to speech)
Ctrl + Alt + <Previous Logged-in User
Ctrl + Alt + >Next Logged-in User
Ctrl + Alt + ?Keyboard overlay (for shortcut help)
Ctrl + Alt + Up arrowHome
Ctrl + Alt + Down arrowEnd

Alt+Shift Keyboard Shortcuts

The following table lists the Alt+Shift key keyboard shortcuts:

Alt + Shift + =Center the selected window
Alt + Shift + TabPrevious window
Alt + Shift + TPut the focus on the toolbar
Alt + Shift + ILaunch report issue dialog
Alt + Shift + SLaunch chromebook start menu (on right bottom corner)
Alt + Shift + LPut the focus on the shelf (task bar)
Alt + Shift + BPut the focus on the bookmark
Alt + Shift + NLaunch notification center (messages)
Alt + Shift + MLaunch file manager

Top Row Special Keys

The 1st row on the top of the Google Chromebook keyboard contains the following 12 special keys in this sequence.

How To Use Keyboard Shortcuts On Chromebook
1st KeyEscape
2nd KeyGo Backwards
3rd KeyGo forward
4th KeyReload
5th KeyFull Screen
6th KeySwitch between open windows
7th KeyReduce the brightness
8th KeyIncrease brightness
9th KeyMute speaker
10th KeyDecrease volume
11th KeyIncrease volume
12th KeyPower On and Off, Lock Screen

The 1st-row keys also can be combined with Ctrl, or Alt, or Search, or Shift for some useful functionality as explained below.

Ctrl + 2nd Key (back)Previous pane
Ctrl + 3rd Key (forward)Forward next pane
Ctrl + 5th Key (full screen)Mirror monitors
Ctrl + 6th Key (switch windows)Take screenshot
Alt + 5th Key (full screen)Swap primary monitor
Alt + 7th KeyDecrease key brightness
Alt + 8th KeyIncrease key brightness
Ctrl + Shift + 4th key (reload)Rotate screen
Ctrl + Shift + 6th Key (switch windows)Take screenshot of selected region